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Business Interruption Insurance: Protecting Your Company from Unexpected Disruptions

Running a business can be difficult at the best of times but should disaster strike, it can become extremely stressful. The last thing you want is to be left without a premise and unable to pay your staff or suppliers.

That’s where business interruption insurance can help. With this type of insurance, you can get protection if a major disruption has impacted your ability to generate revenue.

Join us here at Ron Johnston Insurance as we take a deeper dive into business interruption insurance and how it can help you.

What is Business Interruption Insurance?

Business interruption insurance, also known as business income insurance, is a type of coverage designed to protect businesses from the financial losses incurred because of disruptions to their operations.

It provides coverage for the income a company would have earned if the disruption had not occurred. This is along with additional expenses necessary to minimize the impact of the interruption and resume normal business activities.

Types of Disruptions Covered

Business interruption insurance covers a wide range of disruptions that can affect a company’s operations. Some of the common types of disruptions covered include:

Natural disasters and extreme weather events – This can include hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, tornadoes, or severe storms that damage property and render a business location inaccessible or inoperable.

Fire, theft, and vandalism – In the event of a fire, burglary, or vandalism, a business may experience property damage, leading to a temporary closure or reduced operations.

Equipment breakdown and machinery failure – If critical equipment or machinery essential to a business’s operations breaks down or malfunctions, it can result in a significant interruption and financial losses.

Supply chain disruptions – Businesses rely on suppliers and vendors to deliver goods and services. If a key supplier experiences a disruption, such as bankruptcy, natural disaster, or labor strike, it can impact the business’s ability to operate and generate income.

Utility outages and infrastructure failures – Power outages, water supply disruptions, or communication network failures can bring operations to a halt and lead to financial losses.

power outages

What Financial Losses Does Business Interruption Insurance Cover?

Business interruption insurance covers various financial losses incurred as a result of a disruption. These can include:

Profits and revenue loss – This covers the income a business would have earned during the interruption period if the disruption had not occurred. It takes into account factors such as historical financial records, sales forecasts, and industry trends to estimate the lost revenue.

Fixed costs and ongoing expenses – While a business may experience a temporary closure or reduced operations, it still incurs fixed costs such as rent, utilities, and salaries. Business interruption insurance can cover these ongoing expenses during the interruption period.

Extra expenses – In some cases, a business may need to incur additional expenses to minimize the impact of the disruption and resume operations as quickly as possible. This can include renting temporary office space, outsourcing production, or expedited shipping costs.

How Are Your Losses Calculated?

Calculating the financial losses covered by business interruption insurance can be a complex process. Insurance providers typically consider several factors when assessing the extent of the losses:

Historical financial records – The insurer will review the business’s financial records, including income statements, profit and loss statements, and tax returns, to determine its pre-disruption earnings.

Sales forecasts – Sales projections are used to estimate the potential revenue the business would have generated during the interruption period if the disruption had not occurred. This involves considering market trends, customer demand, and historical sales data.

Fixed costs and ongoing expenses – The insurer considers the fixed costs and ongoing expenses the business incurs during the interruption period. This helps determine the portion of these expenses that will be covered by the insurance policy.

Indirect losses and contingent business interruption – In some cases, disruptions to key suppliers or customers can indirectly impact a business. Business interruption insurance may provide coverage for these indirect losses, known as contingent business interruption losses. This coverage is designed to compensate for the financial impact of disruptions to the supply chain or the loss of a major customer.

Common Exclusions and Limitations of Business Interruption Insurance

While business interruption insurance provides valuable coverage, it’s important to understand that there are certain exclusions and limitations that may apply. These can vary depending on the specific policy and insurance provider. Some common exclusions and limitations include:

Waiting periods – Most business interruption insurance policies have a waiting period, also known as a deductible period, which specifies the number of hours or days that must elapse before coverage begins. This is designed to ensure that the disruption is significant enough to warrant a claim.

Policy limits – Business interruption insurance policies typically have coverage limits that determine the maximum amount the insurer will pay for losses. It’s crucial for businesses to carefully assess their coverage needs and select appropriate limits to ensure sufficient protection.

Exclusions for specific events – Some policies may exclude coverage for certain events, such as acts of war, terrorism, or pandemics. It’s essential to review the policy carefully to understand which events are covered and which are excluded.

Period of indemnity – The period of indemnity refers to the length of time for which the insurer will provide coverage for the financial losses. It’s important to determine the appropriate duration based on the time it would take to fully recover and resume normal operations.

Sub-limits and sub-layers – Some policies may include sub-limits or sub-layers of coverage for specific types of losses. For example, there may be separate limits for loss of income, extra expenses, or contingent business interruption. Businesses need to be aware of these sub-limits and ensure they have adequate coverage for their specific needs.

common sxclusions and limitations


Business interruption insurance is a valuable risk management tool that helps protect companies from unexpected disruptions to their operations.

By providing coverage for lost income, ongoing expenses, and additional costs incurred during a disruption, this insurance plays a crucial role in ensuring business continuity and financial stability.

If you feel as though Business Interruption Insurance is right for you, make sure to get in contact with Ron Johnston Insurance today.

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